Abstract: [Purpose / significance] Compare the gap between "double first-class" universities and truly first-class universities under the world standards, and provide ideas and suggestions for the "double first-class" construction. [Method / process]Based on the evaluation system of the world university rankings, taking the university group as the research object, a comprehensive comparative analysis was made between 36 “double first-class” universities in China and five typical first-class university groups in the world from the aspects of talent cultivation, scientific research, and social benefits. [Results / conclusion] The analysis results show that the values of the absolute indicators of the 36 “double-class” universities are higher than and far higher than the average of the 6 university groups, but the values of the relative indicators are all below and well below the average of the 6 university groups. In terms of talent cultivation, it is reflected that DC36 has a large number of faculty, but the faculty structure is unreasonable, and high-level talents and faculty allocation need to be improved. In terms of scientific research, it is reflected that DC36 has high scientific research output, but the quality of the paper is not high, especially the outstanding achievements are relatively few. In terms of social benefits, DC 36's international influence and the internationalization degree are not enough, the internationalization process and international exchanges need to be further strengthened.
Keywords: university ranking; evaluation system; university group; world-class university